Bill Gates Wants To Save 2 Million Children From Dying This Year. Here’s How.

22 Jan 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »

Bill Gates Wants To Save 2 Million Children From Dying This Year. Here’s How..

The philanthropists just released their 2015 annual letter, which includes ambitious goals like using data to improve higher education and creating a registry of volunteers. Bill and Melinda Gates have taken on some of the world’s messiest problems, funding projects to improve the design of toilets and condoms and even create urine-powered fuel cells.At the hustle of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Microsoft founder Bill Gates delivered another upbeat message on the world with his annual newsletter.

Forty years ago, Bill and his childhood friend Paul Allen made a bet that software and personal computers would change the way people around the world worked and played. And the breadth of vocabulary and amount of discussion—taking whatever they’re curious about and giving them time to talk to them about those things.

The report, written by Gates and his wife Melinda, who are co-chairs of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, once again argued that the world is a better place than it has even been before, predicting that the next 15 years will see major breakthroughs. There’s the genetic elements and there are the environmental elements, and those exposure times—breadth and depth—clearly have long-term impacts.” His answer is noteworthy, given the years and funding that the Gates Foundation has devoted to improving education. Such advancements will mean the lives of people in poor countries will improve faster over this period than at any other time in history, it said. “These breakthroughs will be driven by innovation in technology — ranging from new vaccines and hardier crops to much cheaper smartphones and tablets — and by innovations that help deliver those things to more people,” the report, released Thursday morning to coincide with the Davos event, said. “It’s great that more people in rich countries will be able to watch movies on super hi-resolution screens.

Their argument is predicated on advances in agriculture, health—including progress against youth mortality, polio, malaria, and HIV—and access to education, including online courses delivered to children in the developing world via cellphones. Today you know Somalia, Mali, the Central African Republic, DRC: quite a few where the strength of the government and the basic stability and therefore the ability to build infrastructure and have any type of government, roads, education, … is extremely difficult and what some people call ‘failed states’. The mobile banking revolution in countries such as Kenya has been well-documented, but the newsletter highlighted that growth and more opportunities are available that would give the poor more control over their assets and help them transform their lives. “By 2030, 2 billion people who don’t have a bank account today will be storing money and making payment with their phones.

But climate change, an increasingly alarming global issue, is only briefly addressed, though the UN secretary-general has warned that this is the last generation that can do anything to avoid its worst effects. And by then, mobile money providers will be offering the full range of financial services, from interest-bearing savings accounts to credit to insurance. Typically, although Somalia is kind of the exception, the sea board countries, because they can engage in trade and build up infrastructure they tend to do better than landlocked countries. Green: In terms of HIV, the hope is that the number of people on treatment will outstrip the number of new infections, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. The progress we’ve seen so far is very exciting – so exciting that we are doubling down on the bet we made 15 years ago, and picking ambitious goals for what’s possible 15 years from now.

The world has already developed better fertilizer and crops that are more productive, nutritious, and drought- and disease-resistant; with access to these and other existing technologies, African farmers could theoretically double their yields. The foundation has previously provided funding to help the spread of the M-Pesa mobile-money service pioneered in Kenya, and invested in bKash in Bangladesh. “The thing we’re trying to create is essentially a debit card with your cell phone where you have transaction costs for digital transfers under 2%,” said Bill Gates in an interview with Quartz. “So whether it’s savings or transferring to other accounts or taking out loans, you have that basic capability, and innovators can do educational or agricultural offerings on top of that.” The consumer survey data below for Tanzania from Financial Inclusion Insights show the relatively low usage of traditional banks and high cell-phone penetration. Africa hasn’t had a case in the past six months, and with most of the cases recorded in Pakistan last year, the government there is stepping up, “knowing they’re last, the spotlight’s on them,” Gates said. With the right investments, we can deliver innovation and information to enough farmers in Africa to increase productivity by 50 percent for the continent overall.

But they really talk about then being able to have the school fees, when it comes time in the fall to pay the school fees, they don’t have to sell a cattle or a piece of jewelry or hope that the money is still around under the mattress. It also called for more retail stores so users can change up their digital cash. “Because there is strong demand for banking among the poor, and because the poor can in fact be a profitable customer base, entrepreneurs in developing countries are doing exciting work — some of which will ‘trickle up’ to developed countries over time,” it said. In one half, virtually all children were vaccinated, had sufficient nutrition, and received proper treatment for common illnesses like diarrhoea and pneumonia. The foundation last year announced it would spend $50 million on the emergency response to Ebola in West Africa, where both WHO and Chan have been criticised for their handling of the worst outbreak of the disease in history.

It’s also more cost-effective for financial institutions, since it’s otherwise not worth the overhead expense for them to handle tiny accounts and money flows. And then the real dream, that we don’t have, is what’s called a functional cure, where you give people a set of drugs that are powerful enough that then subsequently they don’t need to keep taking drugs.

More than 8 000 people have died. “I think the biggest lesson coming out of the Ebola outbreak is we need to invest in primary health care centres, those little health posts that the people come in and they’re referred up in the system,” Melinda Gates said. Simple steps, like cleaning and warming the newborn through skin-to-skin contact can prevent 20% of newborn deaths caused by preterm birth complications. 5. Traditional micro-finance—which typically requires a network of staff spread out in rural areas to dispense and manage the loans—has higher transaction costs than mobile banking, and can’t scale to reach as many people.

As the cost goes down and incomes go up, more people will have the means, and we’ll be well on our way to providing high-quality education for everyone. But he’s skeptical that an explosion of consumer finance in poorer countries will give rise to serious rivals to the existing global banks, because regulations in the developed world are a big hurdle. And we’re learning how to help more mothers adopt practices like proper breastfeeding and skin-to-skin contact with their babies that prevent newborns from dying in the first month after they’re born (newborn deaths have gone down at a slower rate than deaths of older children and now account for almost half of all child deaths). Destroying a disease utterly is a very difficult thing to do – so difficult, in fact, that it’s happened only once in history, when smallpox was eradicated in 1980. Guinea worm, an incredibly painful disease whose sufferers spend months incapacitated while worms that can be several feet long burst out of their legs, will also be gone soon, thanks in large part to the leadership of President Jimmy Carter and the Carter Center.

The drugs that can stop these scourges are now being donated in huge numbers by pharmaceutical companies, and they’re being used more strategically thanks to advances in digital maps that show where diseases are most prevalent. These will include a vaccine that prevents people with malaria from spreading it to the mosquitoes that bite them, a single-dose cure that clears the parasite completely out of people’s bodies, and a diagnostic test that can reveal right away whether a person is infected. When we reach that point in the region with the most dense HIV transmission in the world, cases will start going down everywhere around the globe for the first time since the disease was discovered more than 30 years ago.

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