Parade, ceremonies, live webcast mark Pearl Harbor Day

8 Dec 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »

‘Man, this is not a drill,’ survivor remembers Pearl Harbor attack.

“There was this plane coming around with this big meatball (Japanese flag) on it. PEARL HARBOR, Hawaii — A few dozen elderly men who survived the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor 74 years ago gathered Monday at the site to remember fellow servicemen who didn’t make it. “For 74 years, we’ve remembered Pearl Harbor.Washington — The National World War II Museum in New Orleans this week opens the Road to Tokyo, the first big exhibit on the Pacific theater campaign from the highly regarded museum that opened in 2000 with a focus on D-Day and the Normandy Invasion.DALLAS (CBS11) – Three men stood as best as their ninety-plus year old bodies would allow as a school band played the Star-Spangled Banner at a Dallas Veteran Service Center.

As the nation commemorates Pearl Harbor Day this week, here are the top 6 things that the museum’s chief historian would like Americans to know about the brutal – and initially unsuccessful – war that the US military was forced to wage against Japanese forces in the wake of what was, at the time, the most devastating attack ever on US soil. They are survivors of an attack seventy-four years ago today on Pearl Harbor. “And, I was eating an orange and throwing the peelings over the side when the (Japanese) came in and they hit me with a bullet right here and it came out my back between my shoulder blades,” Lowe said as he pointed to an area on his chest. Spectators gathered around a backdrop of wartime artifacts, including an anchor, a signal tower and a 14-inch gun barrel removed from the battleship USS Arizona, which sunk less than 15 minutes after the first Japanese planes flew over Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941. The Japanese attack caught the United States by surprise when 350 aircraft from the Imperial Japanese Navy bombed, torpedoed and strafed the ships and planes at Pearl Harbor.

A shuttle boat later picked him up and he could see the American Pacific Fleet in ruins. “All of those ships, it was terrible,” Hughes said. “I wouldn’t know it until the next day but they had people in small boats going out and gathering up bodies and body parts. He said the military was also working to “keep the alarm bell from sounding in the first place” by refocusing its attention on Asia and the Pacific region with the aim of maintaining stability, prosperity and peace. The public wanted revenge on Japan,” says Keith Huxen, senior director of history and research at the museum. “Historically, politically [FDR] was absolutely correct, but from that very first decision there were implications, and one of them was that we didn’t put the resources into the Pacific war that were being pumped into the European theater.” As a result, he adds, “It meant that we were basically fighting the Pacific war on a shoestring budget, and [the American troops fighting it] didn’t get all of the help that they were entitled to.” After Pearl Harbor, the US Pacific fleet of battleships were hit hard. Within an hour of the speech, which originally described the day as “a date which will live in world history,” Congress passed a formal declaration of war against Japan.

The primary remaining US resources were primarily in the form of aircraft carriers, submarines, and projection of air power. “This is a really new way of fighting that we’re going to have to pioneer and master,” Dr. They know the pre-teen and teen students in the band and ROTC class that has come to visit will be the last generation to hear their stories first hand. They have no idea what went on, so how can you say to these people, ‘This is what we did?’” “The ceremony was good, but I am disappointed that the American people have forgotten Pearl already,” he said. “We had a motto: ‘Remember Pearl Harbor; keep America alert.’ They don’t remember Pearl Harbor, but they keep America alert thanks to men in the military.” A fellow sailor saw a Rising Sun insignia on the wings and asked Irwin if he knew what the “red ball” was. “It brings back some lousy memories,” said Irwin, of returning to Pearl Harbor.

In the Pacific, “we’re playing a game of cat and mouse, launching torpedo and dive bombers to locate each others’ fleet and kill that way,” Huxen says. “It’s the first time in history where the opposing fleets never lay eyes on each other.” There is first the matter of vast distances: It is four times the distance from San Francisco to Tokyo than it is, for example, from New York to London. “You sail thousands of miles to these places like Guadalcanal, and the hardest part of the journey is the last 100 yards,” says Huxen. “You have to get from the boat to the beaches, and when you do we basically have to build all these things: Make hospitals, clean water, food. And they hope that generation will pass their stories along. “I fear that the way history is being rewritten today that we might be a footnote in future history books,” Hughes said. “And it wasn’t like that at all. But he comes to the annual ceremony because the attack was a “big thing in my life.” The 91 year old served as firefighter in San Francisco after the war and retired as a lieutenant in 1979. At that time its magnitude was unimaginable. “They should know that they enjoy their cellphones, their computers and all their whiz-bang sports cars that someone died so they could enjoy that,” he said. (©2015 CBS Local Media, a division of CBS Radio Inc. Pearl Harbor did allow the Japanese to knock us back on our feet for six or seven months, and during that time they were virtually unstoppable,” Huxen says.

Only one full set of brothers, Kenneth and Russell Warriner, survived the attack; Kenneth saved by a trip to San Diego for flight training and Russell, wounded in the attacks, but able to recover. If you can imagine an event like Pearl Harbor, and then there’s no good news for months on end.” Against this backdrop comes the Battle of the Coral Sea, which is largely a draw between US and Japanese forces. “Both sides have success, but neither wins total victory,” Huxen says. Then suddenly, in a remarkable moment, two waves of US bomber planes converged on the Japanese fleet, and arrived at the moment when the Japanese fighter planes were at a lower altitude and hit three of the four Japanese carriers. “This was a huge turning point in the war, because the Japanese didn’t have the naval resources, or the aircraft carriers, to keep up with us after that,” Huxen says. “Our production comes online and we’re building more and more. Nothing was written, nothing was preordained,” Huxen adds. “That’s something we wanted to bring out.” Guadalcanal also receives prominent treatment in the exhibition. The fighting was brutal, and to the death. “The Japanese believed in the martial code – they gave no mercy and expected no mercy.” While less than 1 percent of US troops died in German camps, roughly 40 percent of allied forces died if they were captured and put in Japanese camps. “They basically starved our POWs as a matter of policy,” Huxen says. “And likewise the Japanese on the battlefield would do anything right up to their dying breath to take out our troops,” including pretending to surrender and boobytrapping bodies.

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