This Ohio GOP congressman is going to fight the Mt. McKinley name change

1 Sep 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »

Denali switch: Was President McKinley mountain-worthy?.

ANCHORAGE, Alaska — President Barack Obama brought the power of the presidential pulpit to Alaska on Monday, aiming to thrust climate change to the forefront of the global agenda with a historic visit that will put the state’s liquefying glaciers and sinking villages on graphic display. ANCHORAGE, Alaska (AP) — North America’s tallest mountain will soon return to its previous name, Mount Denali, more than a century after the Alaskan peak was named to honor President William McKinley, who never set foot in Alaska.

That question arises due to the controversy over President Obama’s decision to rebrand Alaska’s Mount McKinley as “Denali,” the name native Americans originally bestowed upon the peak.WASHINGTON — The Obama administration will change the identify of North America’s tallest mountain peak from Mount McKinley to Denali, the White Home stated Sunday, a serious symbolic gesture to Alaska Natives on the eve of President Barack Obama’s historic go to to Alaska. During his three-day tour of Alaska, Obama planned to hike a glacier, converse with fishermen and tape a reality TV show with survivalist Bear Grylls — all part of a highly orchestrated White House campaign to illustrate how climate change has damaged the state’s stunning landscape. By renaming the height Denali, an Athabascan phrase which means “the excessive one,” Obama waded right into a delicate and decades-old battle between residents of Alaska and Ohio. The goal at each stop is to create powerful visuals that show real-world effects of climate change and drive home Obama’s message that the crisis already has arrived.

Some answers to common questions about Mount Denali and its name: A: Various tribes of Alaska Natives known as Athabascans have lived in the shadow of the 20,320-foot Denali for thousands of years. They complain that Obama’s move is a capricious use of presidential power – and that it disrespects McKinley, an Ohio native and pioneering GOP chief executive who was assassinated at the start of his second term.

Forty years later, Russian Creole explorer Andrew Glazunov noted in a journal that he saw a “great mountain called Tenada.” In 1839, a map was published with an approximate location of the mountain with the name Tenada. However Obama’s go to can also be geared towards displaying solidarity with Alaska Natives, who face immense financial challenges and have warned of inadequate assist from the federal authorities. Florida lawmakers passed a law restoring the old name — which stems from “Cabo Canaveral,” which is what 16th century Spanish explorers called it — and in 1973 it became Cape Canaveral again. But over the century-plus of the Mount McKinley era, the name has stood as the primary – perhaps the only – national reminder of a confounding but important national leader. As he traverses Alaska this week, Obama has two audiences in mind: Alaskans, who are hungry for more energy development to boost the state’s sagging oil revenues, and the broader public, whose focus Obama hopes to concentrate on the need for drastic action to combat global warming, including a climate treaty that Obama hopes will help solidify his environmental legacy.

Historians have had a difficult time rating McKinley, in part because he’s been overshadowed by the president who came after him: Theodore Roosevelt. The president was additionally anticipated to announce new steps to assist Alaska Native communities on Wednesday when he turns into the primary sitting president to go to the Alaska Arctic. The president has struggled to explain how his dire warnings and call to action to cut greenhouse gases square with other steps he’s taken or allowed to expand energy production, including oil and gas. But before that, according to the Charleston Gazette-Mail, it was dubbed “Tornado” on account of the violent arguments that erupted when townspeople were trying to decide what to name the town.

Environmental groups took particular offense at the administration’s move to allow expanded drilling off Alaska’s northwest coast — just a few weeks before coming to Alaska to preach on climate change. The park service website notes Dickey’s account that he named the peak “after William McKinley of Ohio, who had been nominated for the Presidency, and that fact was the first news we received on our way out of that wonderful wilderness.” His account was published a year later in the New York Sun.

The name Tornado stuck with the people who lived there, but officials records continued to say Upper Falls. (That name comes from the town’s proximity to the Upper Falls of the Coal River). White House press secretary Josh Earnest told reporters traveling with the president that Obama’s all-of-the-above approach to energy aims to facilitate the longer-term transition to cleaner, renewable fuels. “Alaska is a place where that approach is on display,” Earnest said. The distinction between the didn’t matter much until modern times, when people tried to enter “Tornado, West Virginia” into their GPS systems and came up empty. At 20,320 ft, the mountain stands because the continent’s tallest, and continues to be rising at a price of about one millimeter per yr, in response to the Nationwide Park Service. Alaska faces a roughly $3.5 billion deficit this year as a result of falling oil prices, forcing state budget cuts that have wreaked havoc on rural services. “History has shown us that the responsible energy development which is the lifeblood of our economy can exist in tandem with, and significantly enhance, our traditional way of life,” leaders of the Arctic Slope Regional Corporation, which represents Inupiat Eskimo shareholders, wrote Monday in a letter to Obama.

Recognized for its majestic views, the mountain is dotted with glaciers and coated on the prime with snow year-round, with highly effective winds that make it troublesome for the adventurous few who search to climb it. It was renamed the Īao Stream, for the Īao Valley it originates from, after much of its water was diverted by Wailuku Sugar Company in the early 1900s. Coast Guard cutter on Tuesday to tour Kenai Fjords National Park and to hike to Exit Glacier, a sprawling expanse of ice that is retreating amid warming temperatures. Earlier this year, locals rallied to change its name back to the Wailuku River, a move that was approved in May by the Hawaiʻi State Board on Geographic Names. In southwest Alaska on Wednesday, Obama will meet with fishermen locked in conflict with miners over plans to build a massive gold and copper mine in Bristol Bay, home to the world’s largest salmon fishery.

Historians remember him as one of the first United States politicians to organize the modern campaign system, in which political advisers round up money and support from corporations and other interested groups. Every year, the federal government gets “hundreds” of requests to change the names of locations, according to Lou Yost, executive secretary for domestic names at the U.S. Alaskans consider every place that isn’t Alaska “outside.” A: Far from it, but it wasn’t immediately clear what elected officials could do to stop it. Bob Gibbs said McKinley deserved to be honored and invited his colleagues to join him to try to block what he called Obama’s “constitutional overreach.” A: Since at least 1975, when the Alaska Geographic Board changed the mountain’s name to Denali and the state Legislature, governor and congressional delegation began to push for the name change at the federal level, said Jo Antonson, the state historian.

However these efforts and laws in Congress have been stymied by members of Ohio’s congressional delegation keen to guard the namesake of the state’s native son. Upon listening to the information that McKinley, a Republican, had acquired his get together’s nomination to be president, the prospector named it after him and the identify was formally acknowledged. Local Native Americans pushed for its original Lakota name, Hinhan Kaga, which translates to “making of owls,” but the move was rejected last month by the South Dakota Board of Geographic Names. “It’s not the board’s mission to write history or restore old names,” Yost said. “It’s to standardize names based on current local use and preference.”

In his forthcoming book, “The Triumph of William McKinley,” Rove argues that McKinley’s election overcame this stalemate and ushered in a Republican majority that dominated the US for decades.

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