US foreign-born population nears high | us news

US foreign-born population nears high

28 Sep 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »

Asians to surpass Hispanics as largest group of US immigrants by 2065: study.

In the 50 years since Congress broadly reconfigured immigration to open the country to newcomers from around the world, 59 million foreign-born people have come to the United States, more than quadrupling the number of immigrants who were in the country in 1965 and bringing their share of the population close to the peak of another great influx a century ago, according to a report published Monday by the Pew Research Center. In a major shift in immigration patterns, Asians will surge past Hispanics to become the largest group of immigrants heading to the US by 2065, according to estimates in a new study. Since the Immigration and Nationality Act was passed in 1965, immigration has been the major driver of the country’s growth, with new immigrants, their children and grandchildren accounting for 55 percent of the increase, the report found. The surge of immigration that has reshaped the American population over the last half century will transform the country for several decades to come, the projections indicate. The percentage of people living in the USA who were born outside the country reached 13.7% in 2015 and is projected to hit a record 14.9% in 2025, the report said.

Whereas in 1965 most immigrants came from Europe, since then about half of all immigrants have come from Latin America, with one country, Mexico, sending by far the most people. The foreign-born, who made up just 5% of the nation’s population in 1965, when Congress completely rewrote the country’s immigration laws, make up 14% today, the study found. White immigrants to America, 80 percent back in 1965, will hover somewhere between 18 and 20 percent with black immigrants in the 8 percent to 9 percent range, the study said. By changing the rules so other countries got more visas and family immigration gained priority, the U.S. better aligned supply and demand, Passel said.

Unlike the Latino population, which mostly shares a common language, Spanish, and many cultural traits, the census category of Asian takes in a vast array of ethnic and language groups, including Japanese, Chinese, Koreans, Filipinos, Indians and Pakistanis. After the change, an influx of younger and more diverse migrants commenced and the median age of immigrants dropped, though it’s started to edge up again. Part of the reason for the shift is that the fertility rate of women in Latin America and especially Mexico has decreased, said Mark Hugo Lopez, Pew’s director of Hispanic research. It’s hard to say what immigration trends would have looked like without the 1965 Act, but with it, one thing is clear: America has seen an inflow of immigrants that has significantly boosted population growth. Asians are expected to constitute 36% of the immigrant population by 2055, surpassing Latinos, who by then will be 34% of immigrants, the study indicates.

However, immigration doesn’t necessarily contribute to higher GDP per person, which economists and demographers look to as a broad gauge of welfare. “What is the difference between a 3 percent rate of growth in GDP and a 2 percent rate of growth in GDP? Twelve per cent said “illegal”; “overpopulation” was at 5%; “legality (other than illegal)” at 4%; and “jobs”, “deportation”, “Americans” and “work ethic” at 3% each. Twelve percent said “illegal,” ”overpopulation” was at 5 percent, “legality (other than illegal)” at 4 percent, and “jobs,” ”deportation,” ”Americans” and “work ethic” at 3 percent each.

That prompted many Americans to call for an immigration slowdown and proved harmful to immigrants who struggled to get ahead, a situation Beck said is happening again. “This has been our point all along: If you want to have a good situation for immigrants, there’s a threshold that you’ve got to keep it below,” Beck said. “We know what happened last time. Forty-nine percent offered general descriptions, and of those 12 percent were positive, 11 percent negative and 26 percent neutral, according to the report. Immigrants from the Middle East fared worse in public opinion, with just 20% saying their effect on the country has been mostly positive, and 39% saying their impact has been mostly negative. The Pew study was designed to look at how immigration has changed the racial and ethnic makeup of the U.S. since Congress passed the 1965 Immigration and Naturalization Act. According to Pew projections based on current trends, by 2055 whites will lose their majority status in the population, and their share will continue to decline.

That law abolished a quota system based on national origin, which had barred most immigrants from outside of western Europe and led to a sharp increase in immigration from Asia, Africa and Latin America. He noted that the poll was conducted in the spring, before Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump sparked national debate with calls for much tougher immigration enforcement and criticism of some Mexican immigrants.

Views were nearly the opposite among Republicans, 53% of whom said immigrants were making American society worse in the long run, and 31% saying they were making things better. It became very restrictive in the 1920s, and it’s very possible that could happen again,” he said. “But today, more Americans believe immigration is a strength rather than a burden.” The combined population share of foreign-born people and their U.S.-born children is 26%. Republicans have a starkly negative view of immigration, with 53 percent of adults who identified as Republican saying immigrants make the country worse and only 31 percent saying they make it better.

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